Dental students’ opinions on the challenges and research opportunities: A qualitative research

Mozhdeh Mansori, Leila Mohseni-Rad, Jahanghir Haghani, Maryam Alsadat Hashemipour


BACKGROUND AND AIM: The first step to improve research in a society is a true understanding of abilities, available possibilities, and also the strengths and weakness of research projects. The purpose of this study was to survey the students’ ideas about research challenges and opportunities among dental students of Kerman, Iran.

METHODS: In this qualitative action research, personal and group depth interviews with students of 3rd to 6th-year of the study were performed. The data were collected by interview and focus group discussions, and oral explanations, and ideas of interviewees were recorded. In these interviews, the questions were about the quality of research performance, the procedure of completing the plans and thesis, and research challenges and opportunities. Performed interviews were depth, unstructured, and semi-structured interviews. After recording, the interviews were written by an undergraduate dental student, and participants’ ideas were reviewed separately and coded by two researchers and continued to data saturation phase. Finally, data were analyzed and classified by content analyze, and the number of participants was specified.

RESULTS: Totally, in this study, the most of research challenges and opportunities were lack of teacher’s tendency to research works, little motivation of students, not enough information and little knowledge of students about the value of research work and plans, not encouraging the students to search the subject, not training, incorrect projects about research work, lack of proper site in college, lack of research atmosphere in college, not emphasizing on research, and few number of researcher teachers. Also, no interviewee mentioned the factors such as research opportunities in dental university.

CONCLUSION: Various personal, intra-institutional, extra-institutional, modality and attitude factors are barriers to research, based on the opinions of students. It should be pointed out that in this research nobody mentioned the factors like research opportunities as the barrier of research.


Qualitative Research; Opportunities; Dental Students

Full Text:



Rahmatulla M. Vision and challenges for dental research worker. Indian J Dent Res 2009; 20(2): 125.

Rosenstiel SF, Johnston WM. Goals, costs, and outcomes of a predoctoral student research program. J Dent Educ 2002; 66(12): 1368-73.

Bertolami CN. The role and importance of research and scholarship in dental education and practice. J Dent Educ 2002; 66(8): 918-24.

Entwistle N. Research-based university teaching. What is it and could there be an agreed basis for it? Psychol Edu Rev 2002; 26(2): 3-9.

Haynes B, Haines A. Barriers and bridges to evidence based clinical practice. BMJ 1998; 317(7153): 273-6.

Aminpour F, Kabiri P. Science production in Iran: The scenario of Iranian medical journals. J Res Med Sci. 2009; 14(5): 313–22.

Talaei M, Roohi S, Sabet B, Baghaei AM, Bahman Ziari P. Research situation among medical students: Iumshs 2000 knowledge, attitude, practice. J Res Med Sci 2001; 6: 97-101.

Hamilton GA. Two faces of nurse faculty: Teacher and researcher. J Adv Nurs 1986; 11(2): 217-23.

Culpepper L, Franks P. Family medicine research. Status at the end of the first decade. JAMA 1983; 249(1): 63-8.

Farmanbar R, Asgari F. Study of constraining factors of research from the viewpoint of faculty members in Guilan University of Medical Sciences. J Guilan Univ Med Sci 2005; 14(54): 84-91. [In Persian].

Shirahatti RV, Sura S, Sumanthprasad GR, Khurana L. Dental students research inventory: A questionnaire to assess research challenges and opportunities. J Dent Educ 2010; 74(12): 1308-18.

Kangai C, Mapolisa T. Factors that affect students' progress and the completion rate in the research project: A case study of research students and their supervisors at the Zimbabwe Open University. International Journal on New Trends in Education and Their Implications 2012; 3(1): 83-94.

Azila-Gbettor ED, Mensah C, Kwodjo Avorgah SM. Challenges of writing dissertations: Perceptual differences between students and supervisors in a Ghanaian polytechnic. International Journal of Education and Practice 2015; 3(4): 182-98.

Pakdaman N, Ahmadi MA, Pakdaman R, Malih N. Barriers to research activities of faculty members in Islamic Azad University. Social Determination Health 2016; 2(2): 76-83.

Sadeghi S, Heydarheydari S, Moradi S, Golchinnia N. Barriers and challenges of performing research activities from the perspective of students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. Educ Res Med Sci 2016; 5(1): 48-51. [In Persian].

Yaghoubi T. Study the problems of research projects from the viewpoint of faculty members of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. Proceedings of the 4th National Conference Medical Education; 2000 Nov. 13-16; Tehran Iran. [In Persian].

Lahasanizadeh G. Research opportunities social science research in Iran. Rahyapht 1997; (14): 97-104. [In Persian].

Ghanbari A, Tonekaboni H. Introduction to the research institutes. Rahyapht 1992; (7): 32-44. [In Persian].

Farzaneh E, Amani F, Molavi Taleghani Y, Fathi A, Kahnamouei-Aghdam F, Fatthzadeh-Ardalani G. Research barriers from the viewpoint of faculty members and students of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Iran, 2014. Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(6): 1926-32. [In Persian].

Sabzevari S, Mohammad Alizadeh S, Aziz Zadeh Foroozi M. The viewpoint of faculty members on research barrier at Kerman universities. J Shaheed Sadoughi Univ Med Sci 2000; 8(2): 17-27. [In Persian].

Zohor AR, Fekri AR. The view point of faculty members on research barriers at Iran University. Payesh Health Monit 2003; 2(2): 119-26. [In Persian].

Ramezani A, Faraji A, Ali Aliabad A, Noormohammadian A. Universities students' views about the factors affecting research in the academic year. Iran J Med Educ 2011; 11(5): 453-4. [In Persian].

Alamdari AK, Afshoun E. The view point of faculty members on research barriers at Yasuj universities. Armaghane-Danesh 2003; 8(1): 27-34. [In Persian].

Talebi M. Study of factors affecting production and scientific articles published. Rahyaft 2002; (27): 184-97. [In Persian].

Ferdosi M, Dehnavieh R, Faraji F, Yarmohammadian MH, Vatankhah S. Utilization of research results at office of deputy minister for management and resources development and identification of obstacles. Health Inf Manage 2010; 6(2): 152-61. [In Persian].

Kadivar P. Is going the course of scientific development from school?. Hamshahri 1998; 7: 15. [In Persian].

Hendricson B. It all starts with questions. J Dent Educ 2003; 67(9): 965-9.

Dundar H, Lewis DR. Determinants of research productivity in higher education. Res High Educ 1998; 39(6): 607-31.

Lloyd T, Phillips BR, Aber RC. Factors that influence doctors' participation in clinical research. Med Educ 2004; 38(8): 848-51.

Solomon SS, Tom SC, Pichert J, Wasserman D, Powers AC. Impact of medical student research in the development of physician-scientists. J Investig Med 2003; 51(3): 149-56.


  • There are currently no refbacks.