The frequency of using different types of pacifier and bottle nipple among 1-24 months old‎ children

Document Type: Original Article(s)

Authors

1 Professor, Oral and Dental Diseases Research Center AND Kerman Social ‎Determinants on Oral Health Research Center AND ‎Department of Pediatric ‎Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, ‎Kerman, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Operative Dentistry, School of ‎Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, ‎Iran

3 Resident, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

4 Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, ‎Iran

5 Student of Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical ‎Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Sucking of some types of a pacifier may be a risk factor for mal-development of orofacial structures and malocclusion. This study assessed the prevalence of using of different types of pacifier and bottle nipple among 1-24 months old children in Kerman, Iran.METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 300 mothers interviewed at 20 specialized private pediatric offices in Kerman. The mothers had 1-24 months old children. A checklist includes items about pacifier sucking, bottle feeding habits, as well as mothers’ ability to recognize different kinds of available pacifier and bottle nipple was used.RESULTS: The rate of pacifier-sucking was 37.3%, and use of bottle feeding was 42.3%, and among of the users, 24.0 and 35.7% were used orthodontic (functional) types of pacifier and bottle nipple respectively. However, only 28.7% of mothers had adequate ability to recognize orthodontic pacifier and bottle nipple.CONCLUSION: The rates of using orthodontic kind of pacifier and bottle nipple were low, and a few mothers had adequate ability to recognize their differences.

Keywords


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