Is there a correlation between oral health-related quality of life and oral health literacy?

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Associate Professor, Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran Dental and Oral Diseases Research Center AND Social Determinants on Oral Health Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

3 Dentist, Private Practice, Kerman, Iran

4 Professor, Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran Dental and Oral Diseases Research Center AND Social Determinants on Oral Health Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

10.22122/johoe.2020.191953.1068

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Oral health literacy (OHL) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL) are two important current scales for oral health. The aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation between these two scales and explore the Station  of clinical indices for dental caries and periodontal disease in this association.
METHODS: A total of 470 subjects were included in the present study. A total of 51 (10.58%) subjects filled the questionnaire incompletely; therefore, finally, the data of 419 questionnaires were analyzed. Volunteer patients attending dental clinics in Kerman, Iran, enrolled in the study. Data were collected via Oral Health Literacy Adult Questionnaire (OHL-AQ) for OHL, Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) for OHRQOL, and calculation of Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth (DMFT) and Community Periodontal Index (CPI) after clinical examination. The questionnaires were standardized in Persian and their validity and reliability were confirmed. The association of OHL with OHRQOL, CPI, and DMFT was quantified using Pearson’s correlation coefficient.
RESULTS: Finally, 419 participants enrolled in the investigation. Reported OHL was poor (48.92%) and the score was 9.23 ± 3.39 (the overall score range of the questionnaire was 0-17). The OHIP-14 mean score was 10.10 ± 8.20 (the score range of the OHIP-14 questionnaire was 0-56) There was no significant association between OHL and OHRQOL; however, there was a relationship between DMFT and CPI (P < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: In this sample, we did not find a correlation between OHL and OHRQOL. However, considerable low OHL in this study denotes to necessary take care of.




 

Keywords


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