The comparison of different coronal restorations of endodontically treated posterior teeth on the patients' quality of life and satisfaction

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Istanbul Okan University, Istanbul, Turkey

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Istanbul Okan University, Istanbul, Turkey

3 Professor, Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Istanbul Okan University, Istanbul, Turkey


BACKGROUND AND AIM: Everyday lives of individuals can be affected by dental treatments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impacts of coronal restorations of endodontically treated posterior teeth (ETPT) on the patient's satisfaction and quality of life (QoL).
METHODS: This cross-sectional clinical study was conducted at School of Dentistry, Istanbul Okan University, Istanbul, Turkey, using the semantic differential scale, Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14), and clinical assessments. Electronic charts and files of patients who received endodontic treatment and coronal restoration from June 2018 to January 2019 were reviewed. The patients included in the study had been treated by the same endodontist and restorative dental specialist. The coronal restoration of the ETPT had to be either direct composite restoration (DCR) or indirect ceramic restoration (ICR). 123 patients were deemed fit for this study. A rendezvous was created for the patients who agreed to participate in the study (n = 115) and those who came to the appointment were checked for the inclusion criteria. After clinical examinations, 68 patients filled in the questionnaires. Demographic information, the semantic differential scale, and the OHIP-14 scores-provided data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test, independent samples t-test, and the chi-square test. Statistical significance level was considered at P < 0.05.
RESULTS: 68 patients (n = 34 in each group) participated in the study. DCR and ICR groups had similar mean OHIP-14 scores (5.03 ± 3.36 and 5.15 ± 6.17, respectively) and general satisfaction scores (9.76 ± 0.43 and 9.88 ± 0.33, respectively) (P > 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the satisfaction values of the two groups regarding cost, time involved, pain, aesthetics, chewing ability, pleasantness, and general satisfaction (P > 0.05).
CONCLUSION: According to the results of the present study, both treatment options have created similar satisfaction for patients and offered high QoL.


Main Subjects

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