Assessing oral cancer awareness, attitude, and practice among Turkish dental students in 2020

Document Type : Original Article

Author

Tokat Oral and Dental Health Center, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic, Tokat, Turkey

10.22122/johoe.2022.195817.1277

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Dentists are often the first to encounter patients with oral cancer and the detection of lesions plays a major role in early diagnosis of the cancer and improving the prognosis. Undergraduate dentistry students are also future practitioners. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, awareness, and attitudes of dental students about oral cancer.
METHODS: The questionnaire form prepared in digital environment was sent via e-mail to third, fourth, and fifth-year dentistry students registered with the Turkish Dental Association (TDA). The knowledge, awareness, and attitudes of dental students about oral cancer were evaluated with 49 questions in the questionnaire. The data were analyzed with SPSS software.
RESULTS: This study included 1041 dentistry students. The actual risk factors for oral cancer were known to most dental students who participated in the study. However, a significant portion of the students marked the situations that are not real risk factors for oral cancer as risk factors. In general, it was determined that the students did not have sufficient knowledge about the diagnostic procedures and symptoms of oral cancer.
CONCLUSION: Dental students lacked the adequate level of knowledge and awareness about the prevention and early diagnosis of oral cancer. In undergraduate education, an educational strategy should be developed to provide up-to-date information on risk factors that facilitate early diagnosis, diagnostic procedures, oral examination, and auxiliary diagnostic tools.

Keywords


  1. Palmer O, Grannum R. Oral cancer detection. Dent Clin North Am 2011; 55(3): 537-48.
  2. Zarei MR, Chamani G, Haghdoost AA, Tahmasebi E, Mozaffari HR, Momeni-Tikdari M. Epidemiology of oral and pharyngeal cancers: A retrospective study in Kermanshah, Iran. J Oral Health Oral Epidemiol 2016; 5(2): 96-105.
  3. Bray F, Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Siegel RL, Torre LA, Jemal A. Global cancer statistics 2018: GLOBOCAN estimates of incidence and mortality worldwide for 36 cancers in 185 countries. CA Cancer J Clin 2018; 68(6): 394-424.
  4. International Agency for Research on Cancer. Turkey: Globocan 2018 [Online]. cited 2019]; Available from: URL: http://gco.iarc.fr/today/data/factsheets/populations/792-turkey-fact-sheets.pdf
  5. Baykul T, Yilmaz HH, Aydin U, Aydin MA, Aksoy M, Yildirim D. Early diagnosis of oral cancer. J Int Med Res 2010; 38(3): 737-49.
  6. Ram H, Sarkar J, Kumar H, Konwar R, Bhatt ML, Mohammad S. Oral cancer: Risk factors and molecular pathogenesis. J Maxillofac Oral Surg 2011; 10(2): 132-7.
  7. Gomez I, Warnakulasuriya S, Varela-Centelles PI, Lopez-Jornet P, Suarez-Cunqueiro M, Diz-Dios P, et al. Is early diagnosis of oral cancer a feasible objective? Who is to blame for diagnostic delay? Oral Dis 2010; 16(4): 333-42.
  8. Bianchi B, Copelli C, Ferrari S, Ferri A, Sesenna E. Free flaps: outcomes and complications in head and neck reconstructions. J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2009; 37(8): 438-42.
  9. Al-Maweri SA, Al-Soneidar WA, Dhaifullah E, Halboub ES, Tarakji B. Oral cancer: Awareness and knowledge among dental patients in Riyadh. J Cancer Educ 2017; 32(2): 308-13.
  10. Baumann E, Koller M, Wiltfang J, Wenz HJ, Moller B, Hertrampf K. Challenges of early detection of oral cancer: Raising awareness as a first step to successful campaigning. Health Educ Res 2016; 31(2): 136-45.
  11. Bhagavathula AS, Bin ZN, Jamshed SQ. Knowledge of future dental practitioners towards oral cancer: Exploratory findings from a public university in Malaysia. Int J Dent 2015; 2015: 218065.
  12. Formosa J, Jenner R, Nguyen-Thi MD, Stephens C, Wilson C, Ariyawardana A. Awareness and knowledge of oral cancer and potentially malignant oral disorders among dental patients in Far North Queensland, Australia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2015; 16(10): 4429-34.
  13. Gunjal S, Pateel DGS, Lim RZS, Yong LL, Wong HZ. Assessing oral cancer awareness among dental and medical students of a Malaysian private university. Int Dent J 2020; 70(1): 62-9.
  14. Keser G, Pekiner FN. Assessing oral cancer awareness among dental students. J Cancer Educ 2019; 34(3): 512-8.
  15. Decuseara G, MacCarthy D, Menezes G. Oral cancer: Knowledge, practices and opinions of dentists in Ireland. J Ir Dent Assoc 2011; 57(4): 209-14.
  16. D'souza S, Addepalli V. Preventive measures in oral cancer: An overview. Biomed Pharmacother 2018; 107: 72-80.
  17. Ford PJ, Farah CS. Early detection and diagnosis of oral cancer: Strategies for improvement. J Cancer Policy 2013; 1(1): e2-e7.
  18. Hashim R, Abo-Fanas A, Al-Tak A, Al-Kadri A, Abu EY. Early detection of oral cancer- Dentists' knowledge and practices in the united arab emirates. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2018; 19(8): 2351-5.
  19. Kebabcioglu O, Pekiner FN. Assessing oral cancer awareness among dentists. J Cancer Educ 2018; 33(5): 1020-6.
  20. Amer HW, Wahed AA, Badawi OA, Emara AS. Oral cancer awareness level within the dental community: Results from a large scale survey in Cairo. J Cancer Educ 2018; 33(6): 1279-84.
  21. Shah JP, Johnson NW, Batsakis JG. Oral Cancer. 1st London, UK: CRC Press; 2002.
  22. Gupta N, Gupta R, Acharya AK, Patthi B, Goud V, Reddy S, et al. Changing trends in oral cancer - a global scenario. Nepal J Epidemiol 2016; 6(4): 613-9.
  23. Hadziabdic N, Sulejmanagic H, Kurtovic-Kozaric A. The role of general dental practitioners in the detection of early-stage oral malignancies´üçÇôA review. J Oral Maxillofac Surg Med Pathol 2017; 29(4): 363-76.
  24. Sallam M, Al-Fraihat E, Dababseh D, Yaseen A, Taim D, Zabadi S, et al. Dental students' awareness and attitudes toward HPV-related oral cancer: A cross sectional study at the University of Jordan. BMC Oral Health 2019; 19: 1-11.
  25. Soares T, Carvalho M, Pinto L, Falcao C, Matos F, Santos T. Oral cancer knowledge and awareness among dental students. Braz J Oral Sci 2014; 13(1): 28-33.
  26. Sadik E, Ongan B, Gokmenoglu C, Kara C. Questionnaire-based study related to the level of awareness and knowledge about oral cancer among Turkish patients with dental diseases in 2018. J Oral Health Oral Epidemiol 2019; 8(1): 17-23.
  27. Hertrampf K, Wenz HJ, Koller M, Wiltfang J. Comparing dentists' and the public's awareness about oral cancer in a community-based study in Northern Germany. J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2012; 40(1): 28-32.
  28. Joseph BK, Sundaram DB, Sharma P. Oral cancer awareness among dentists in Kuwait. Med Princ Pract 2012; 21(2): 164-70.